Biology Courses

BIO 101 - Life Sciences 1 (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. FS
Principles of all biology, heredity and reproduction, gene expression, mutation, and evolution for non-science majors.

BIO 102 - Life Sciences II (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. FS
Principles of ecology and ecosystem function and diversity for non-science majors. BIO 101 is not a prerequisite.

BIO 111 - Introduction to Cell Biology (3-4 hours)
Introduces the concept of biological molecules and discusses the role of these molecules in the genetics and cell biology of the organism. Prerequisite: Allied health majors such as nursing, health science and dietetics. Biology minors can also enroll in this course with an approved Course Reserve Form.

BIO 112 - Introduction to Ecology and Evolution (4 hours)
Basic principles of evolutionary and ecological processes.

BIO 141 - Introduction to Medical Technology (1 hour)
Profession and function of a medical technologist: job opportunities, current issues. Tour of a large hospital laboratory.

BIO 150 - Introduction to Biology (2 hours)
Introduces Biology majors to critical concepts in biological sciences on broad topics such as hypothesis testing, ethics in science, and use of humans and animals in research. Exposes students to faculty research in the Department of Biology, as well as provides exposure to invited research seminars. Prerequisite: Biology major.

BIO 151 - Molecules to Cells (4 hours)
Introduces the concept of biological molecules and discusses the role of these molecules in the genetics and cell biology of the organism. Prerequisite: Biology or chemistry major; permission of the instructor.

BIO 200 - Human Anatomy and Physiology (3 hours)
Emphasis on concepts and principles of homeostasis as a manifestation of health and pathophysiological changes during disease. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 111 or permission of department chair.

BIO 202 - Microbiology and Immunology (3-4 hours)
Gen. Ed. FS
Basic bacteriology, parasitology, virology, genetics, and principles of infection and immune response. Emphasis on application to health and disease. May be taken with or without laboratory: with laboratory, 4 credit hours; without laboratory, 3 credit hours.

BIO 203 - Human Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory (2 hours)
Laboratory: structure and function of human systems. Prerequisite: BIO 200 or concurrent enrollment.

BIO 205 - Pathophysiology (3 hours)
Advanced human physiology: normal function and structure of human cells, tissue, and organs; pathological changes which can occur. Prerequisite: BIO 200.

BIO 250 - Organismal Biology (4 hours)
Basic functions and related anatomy of a variety of organisms at various levels of organization. With laboratory. Prerequisite: CHM 110, 111; C or better in BIO 151.

BIO 251 - Ecology, Evolution and Biodiversity (4 hours)
An introduction to evolutionary and ecological processes and the diversity of life that these processes have generated. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 151.

BIO 260 - Biological Statistics I (1 hour)
Introduction to statistics including basic skills for summarizing data, basic probability theory and probability distributions necessary to understand and evaluate variation in environmental systems. Prerequisite: MTH 109; or qualifying score on math placement exam; or consent of instructor.

BIO 261 - Biological Statistics II (2 hours)
A follow-up to Biological Statistics I introducing hypothesis testing, and the use and interpretation of statistical analyses such as the T Test and analysis of variance. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 260; or consent of instructor.

BIO 280 - Directed Research (1-3 hours)
Individual reading and research projects for qualified underclassmen. Repeatable up to 3 semester hours. Pass/Fail. Prerequisite: Advanced Placement biology credit, department placement test credit, or consent of chair.

BIO 300 - Population, Resources and Environment (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. TS
Ecosystem; how people interact with their environment. Emphasis on population, pollution, disease, and land use. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing, or sophomores by permission.

BIO 301 - Biotechnology and Society (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. TS
Various biotechnologies from medicine, agriculture, and industry; societal impacts of these technologies. Prerequisite: one college-level science course.

BIO 302 - Invertebrate Zoology (4 hours)
Detailed biological survey of major groups of invertebrate animals. Emphasis on marine phyla with good fossil representation. Dissection of representative types. Lecture and laboratory. Cross listed as GES 302. Prerequisite: elementary zoology or biology or historical geology with laboratory, or consent of instructor.

BIO 303 - Plants and People (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. TS
This course examines the interdependence of humans and plants. Emphasis is on the plants that provide us with food, medicine, recreation, personal hygiene products and material goods as well as those that produce stimulating, intoxicating and psychoactive effects. Also included are the impacts of plants on human history, health and technology. Field trips will enrich the learning experience. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing, or sophomores by permission of instructor

BIO 310 - Genetics (4 hours)
Strengthens the understanding of Mendelian genetics and introduces the topic of non-Mendelian genetics. Modern molecular genetics concepts of DNA replication, transcription, and translation, primarily in prokaryotes, will be included. An introduction to molecular genetic techniques will be provided. The laboratory will include experiments designed to characterize genetic crosses through phenotypic as well as molecular approaches in prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Prerequisite: CHM 110, CHM 111; MTH 109; C or better in BIO 151 and BIO 250 or consent of instructor.

BIO 312 - Developmental Biology (4 hours)
Descriptive chemical and experimental analysis of principles of development. Prerequisite: BIO 310 with a C or better.

BIO 314 - Plant Development (4 hours)
Plant development will be covered from seed germination through establishing a plant body plan, including the maturation of all organs. Examples of molecular genetic control of plant development will be included as well as discussing the role of the environment on plant development. Prerequisite: BIO 310 with a C or better.

BIO 323 - Comparative Anatomy (4 hours)
Gross anatomy; evolution of chordate structure. Prerequisite: 6 hours college-level biology.

BIO 324 - Plant Diversity (4 hours)
Structure and function of the major groups of photosynthetic organisms in the context of evolutionary history. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 151 and 251.

BIO 334 - Reproduction and Identification of Flowering Plants (4 hours)
Evolution and ecology of flowering plant reproduction. Characteristics and identification of common flowering plant families of Illinois. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 151, 250 and 251.

BIO 361 - Microanatomy (4 hours)
Organs, tissues, and cells of animals: ultrastructure and relation to function. Prerequisite: 6 semester hours of college-level biology or two years of high school biology; physical or natural science major or consent of instructor.

BIO 364 - Cell Biology (4 hours)
Structural and functional organization of cells and their dynamic interactions with the environment. Methods and techniques of investigation.

BIO 375 - Techniques in Molecular Genetics (3 hours)
Molecular biology techniques are laboratory skills developed to ask modern molecular questions. Through an investigative approach, students will be introduced to the theory and practice of a variety of molecular techniques, including DNA and RNA isolation, electrophoresis, the polymerase chain reaction, cloning, transformation, and sequencing. Prerequisite: BIO 310 with a C or better.

BIO 381 - Comparative Animal Physiology (3-4 hours)
Fundamental concepts of mechanisms employed by various animal groups to satisfy functional requirements for living. Physiological differences and similarities. Four hours if taken with lab. Prerequisite: CHM 116, 252, 253; C or better in BIO 250.

BIO 382 - Endocrinology (3 hours)
Provides an understanding of how hormones control the physiological systems of the body. Lectures will include definitions of hormones and hormone types, regulation of hormones and their receptors, classes of hormones, signal transduction and regulation of intracellular messengers, growth factor receptors, and nuclear receptors. Additional lecture topics will include growth hormones, prolactin, neurotrophic factors, hematopoietic growth factors and cytokines. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 250 or consent of instructor.

BIO 384 - Neurobiology (3-4 hours)
An introduction to the basic principles of cellular and molecular neurobiology of the nervous system. General topics include cellular, molecular and developmental biology of nerve cells, synapses and neural systems. Laboratory optional. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 250 or consent of instructor.

BIO 385 - Supervised Research (1-3 hours)
Supervised research for qualified students in special areas of biology. May be repeated for a total of 6 credit hours. Prerequisite: 2.75 grade point average in student's major and sophomore standing; or consent of instructor.

BIO 406 - General Microbiology (4 hours)
Distinguishing features of microorganisms: structure, function, and their underlying basis, genetics. Microbial growth and death. Phylogeny of microbes and horizontal gene transfer. Infectious diseases and immunity. Exploitation of microbes by humans. Lab mandatory. Cross-listed as BIO 506. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 151 and CHM 110.

BIO 419 - Ethology (4 hours)
Development and evolution of animal behavior in individuals and social groups from various phyla. Cross-listed as BIO 519. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 151, BIO 250 and BIO 251.

BIO 420 - Ecosystem Ecology (4 hours)
Description of ecosystem form and function with focus on biogeochemistry, food webs, and energy transformations within natural systems. Emphasis on application of ecosystem principles to sustainable land management and current issues such as global change and nitrogen deposition. Cross-listed as BIO 520. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 250 and BIO 251 (or equivalent); CHM 116; MTH 115 or 121; or consent of instructor.

BIO 440 - Evolution (3 hours)
Mechanisms of evolution, historical evolution, and history of evolutionary thought. Cross-listed as BIO 540. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 151, BIO 250, BIO 251 and 310; MTH 115 or 121.

BIO 450 - Conservation Biology (3 hours)
Conservation biology is a multidisciplinary field that focuses on the preservation of biological diversity. Class work emphasizes conservation values and ethics, patterns of biodiversity, threats to biodiversity, and management strategies at the population, species, and ecosystem levels. Active learning activities include discussions of case studies, stakeholder meetings, field trips to observe local conservation issues and work, and guest presentations by conservation professionals. Cross-listed as BIO 550. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 151, BIO 250 and BIO 251.

BIO 460 - Ecology (4 hours)
Interrelationships among animals, plants, and their environment: ecosystems, biotic communities, population changes, and applied ecology. Prerequisite: MTH 115 or 121; C or better in BIO 250 and BIO 251 (or equivalent); or consent of instructor.

BIO 463 - Plant Ecology (4 hours)
Physiological and growth responses of plants to environmental stresses, and consequences to the structure and function of communities and ecosystems. Cross-listed as BIO 563. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 151, BIO 250 and BIO 251 (or equivalent); or consent of instructor.

BIO 464 - Cell Biology (4 hours)
Structural and functional organization of cells and their dynamic interactions with the environment. Methods and techniques of investigation. Cross-listed as BIO 564. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 310 and CHM 252, 253; CHM 351 recommended.

BIO 468 - Immunology of Host Defense (3-4 hours)
Immune response to foreign challenges. Immunologically important molecules and cells; their formation, generation of diversity, and interaction within specialized tissues to mount and regulate an immune response. Contemporary and classical tools and strategies for investigating immunity and their application to other fields. Anomalous immune responses and resultant diseases. Lab optional. Cross-listed as BIO 568. Course is not open to those students with BIO 396 credit. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 151 and CHM 110, or consent of instructor.

BIO 470 - Seminar (1 hour)
Selected topics in biological sciences. May be repeated under different topics. Repeatable to a maximum of six hours. Prerequisite: 2.0 grade point average in student's major; junior or senior standing; consent of instructor.

BIO 475 - Special Topics Biology (2-4 hours)
Selected coursework in biology. May be repeated under different topics for a total of 8 credit hours. Prerequisite: 2.75 grade point average in student's major and junior standing; or consent of instructor.

BIO 480 - Readings (1-3 hours)
Individual assignments of relevant topics in biological sciences. Prerequisite: 2.75 grade point average in student's major; junior or senior standing; consent of instructor.

BIO 485 - Research (1-6 hours)
Individual research for qualified students in special areas of biology. Prerequisite: 3.0 grade point average in student's major; either a minimum of 3 credit hours in BIO 385 or senior standing; or consent of instructor.

BIO 500 - Thesis Proposal Preparation (1 hour)
Designed to prepare students to write and present their graduate thesis proposal. The instructor will work with students to develop the appropriate timeline and give a general outline of relevant information for a thesis proposal and instruction on developing and giving presentations. Students will also be directed to the CITI site to complete an ethics training module. The student will work with the thesis advisor to develop and edit the thesis proposal. The course will serve as a mechanism to organize proposal development and presentation. Ultimate responsibility for student grade and confirmation of completion of the work will reside with the faculty advisor who will report to the instructor of record. It is intended that students will present their written proposal to their chosen thesis committee and present their thesis proposal orally to the committee and department at the end of the semester they are enrolled in this course. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of Graduate Advisor

BIO 501 - Biology of Fishes (3 hours)
Fishes: organ-system structure and function, ecology, embryology, behavior, and economic importance. Prerequisite: 6 hours of college-level biology.

BIO 502 - Biometry (3 hours)
Principles of biological measurement. Topics include the nature of data, sampling, experimental design, and statistical analysis. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 260, 261 or equivalent.

BIO 503 - Molecular Genetics (3-4 hours)
Molecular genetics is the study of the intricate control of cellular events such as DNA replication, transcription, and translation. Familiarizes students with the exciting and rapidly advancing field of molecular biology and with some of the techniques that are used by molecular biologists. Primary focus will be on eukaryotic organisms. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 310 (Genetics); permission of instructor.

BIO 506 - Advanced Microbiology (2 hours)
Comprehensive analysis of selected topics of current interest in microbiology. Bacteria, protozoa, algae, fungi, viruses, prions. Energy flow in microbial systems. Relationship amongst microbes and between microbes and humans. Cross-listed as BIO 406. Prerequisite: four semesters of biology with laboratory; organic chemistry; or consent of instructor. Students who have credit for BIO 406 may not enroll in BIO 506.

BIO 509 - Human Genetics (3 hours)
Genetic theory and methodology applied to humans. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 310 or consent of instructor

BIO 510 - Population and Evolutionary Ecology (3 hours)
Emphasis on structure, growth patterns, and interactions of populations; relationship to evolutionary theory. Prerequisite: 6 hours college-level biology and senior or graduate standing or consent of instructor.

BIO 519 - Comparative Animal Behavior (3 hours)
Advanced content encompassing a wide variety of vertebrate and invertebrate species with emphasis on comprehension of primary literature and research. Cross-listed as BIO 419. Prerequisite: 6 hours college-level biology and senior or graduate standing. Students with credit in BIO 419 cannot enroll in BIO 519.

BIO 520 - Advanced Ecosystems Ecology (3 hours)
A comprehensive description of ecosystem form and function with focus on biogeochemistry, food webs, and energy transformations within natural systems. Emphasis on application of ecosystem principles to sustainable land management and current issues such as global change and nitrogen deposition. Understanding of the complex nature of the systems emphasized through use of primary literature, small group discussion and individual projects. Cross-listed as BIO 420. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 250 and BIO 251 (or equivalent); CHM 116; MTH 115 or 121; graduate standing or consent of instructor. Students with credit in BIO 420 cannot enroll in BIO 520.

BIO 525 - Advanced Physiology (3 hours)
Detailed study of the structure and function of animals; special reference to the human body; theories and methods of investigation mostly at organ system level; adaptational strategies to special conditions. Prerequisite: one semester of physiology or consent of instructor.

BIO 526 - Advanced Pathyphysiology (3 hours)
Detailed presentation of pathological conditions in the human body, with particular focus on the cellular basis for disease in muscular, respiratory, renal, and cardiovascular systems. Prerequisite: BIO 525 or concurrent enrollment, or consent of the instructor.

BIO 527 - Physiology of Anesthesia (3 hours)
Emphasis on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodymanics of various anesthetic agents in the human body, with particular attention on the effect of the agents on the major physiological systems. Prerequisite: BIO 525; consent of instructor.

BIO 530 - Plant Systematics (3 hours)
Evolution, classification, and characteristics of various flowering plant families. Prerequisite: 6 hours college-level biology.

BIO 540 - Evolution (3 hours)
Advanced content in evolutionary history, the mechanisms of evolution, and how evolutionary theory forms the basis for all biology. In-depth examination of selected evolutionary topics utilizing discussions, primary literature, and student presentations. Cross-listed as BIO 440. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor. Students who have credit for BIO 440 may not enroll in BIO 540.

BIO 550 - Conservation Biology (3 hours)
Advanced content on the preservation of biodiversity. In-depth examination of selected conservation issues utilizing case studies, field trips, discussions, primary literature, and student presentations. Cross-listed as BIO 450. Prerequisite: graduate standing or consent of instructor. Students who have credit for BIO 450 may not enroll in BIO 550.

BIO 561 - Natural History of Vertebrates (3 hours)
Vertebrates as integrated organisms: emphasis on activities and interaction with environment under natural conditions. Field work on local fauna. Introduction to classification. Prerequisite: 6 hours of college-level biology, senior or graduate standing or consent of instructor.

BIO 563 - Advanced Plant Ecology (3 hours)
Physiological and growth responses of plants to environmental stresses, and consequences to the structure and function of communities and ecosystems. Cross-listed as BIO 463. Prerequisite: Graduate standing or consent of instructor. Students who have credit for BIO 463 may not enroll in BIO 563.

BIO 564 - Advanced Cell Biology (3 hours)
Structural and functional organization of cells and their dynamic interactions with the environment. Methods and techniques of investigation. Cross-listed as BIO 464. Prerequisite: C or better in BIO 310, or consent of instructor. Students who have credit for BIO 464 may not enroll in BIO 564.

BIO 565 - Aquatic Ecology (3 hours)
Emphasis on survival and dispersion of natural aquatic populations as related to environmental degradation in lakes, rivers, and streams. Prerequisite: 6 hours college-level biology or zoology.

BIO 568 - Cellular and Molecular Immunology (3 hours)
Interaction between foreign antigen, antigen presenting cells, B lymphocytes, and T lymphocytes to mount immune responses. Molecules responsible for immune interactions. Random generation of the diversity of the immune response, its associated problems, and natural solutions through selection and energy. Lab required. Cross-listed as BIO 468. Prerequisite: BIO 564 or equivalent, or consent of instructor. Students who have credit for BIO 396 or BIO 468 may not enroll in BIO 568.

BIO 570 - Seminar (1 hour)
Selected topics in biological sciences. May be repeated under different topics for a maximum of 3 credit hours. Prerequisite: 3.0 grade point average in student's major; senior or graduate standing; consent of instructor.

BIO 575 - Special Graduate Topics in Biology (2-3 hours)
Selected graduate-level coursework in biology. May be repeated under different topics for a total of 6 credit hours. Prerequisite: 3.0 grade point average in graduate-level biology program; or consent of instructor.

BIO 580 - Readings (1-3 hours)
Individual assignments of relevant topics in biological sciences. Prerequisite: 3.0 grade point average in student's major; senior or graduate standing; consent of instructor.

BIO 585 - Research (1-6 hours)
Individual research for qualified students in special areas of biology. Prerequisite: senior-graduate standing, consent of instructor, 3.0 grade point average in the major field of study.

BIO 681 - Readings (1-6 hours)
Readings in an area of interest to the student. Prerequisite: graduate standing and consent of instructor.

BIO 683 - Research (1-6 hours)
Research in an area of interest to the student. Prerequisite: graduate standing and consent of advisor.

BIO 699 - Thesis (0-6 hours)
Research and thesis preparation. Repeatable to a maximum of six hours of credit. Prerequisite: consent of program coordinator.