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Education, Counseling and Leadership Course Descriptions

ENC 510 - Statistical Procedures (3 hours)
Principles and procedures for statistical interpretation of data. Study of measures and control tendency, variability, correlation, and introductory predictive and inferential statistics.

ENC 530 - Loss and Grief Counseling (1 hour)
Offers students the opportunity to understand the beliefs about loss and grief, blockers, and interventions. Students will identify the different types of losses. Loss and grief seem to underlie all life experience, and culture and gender influence how we grieve and mourn.

ENC 540 - Human Growth and Development (3 hours)
Studies that provide an understanding of the nature and needs of persons at all developmental levels and in multicultural contexts, including common theories, neurobiological behavior, models of resiliency, exceptional abilities, factors that affect normal and abnormal behavior, and wellness over the life span. Experiential activities emphasize personal contact and on-site work with people of different ages and stages of physical and psychological development.

ENC 550 - Independent Study (1-6 hours)
Independent study in a selected area related to educational goals.

ENC 551 - Substance Abuse Counseling (2 hours)
Theories and etiology of addictions and addictive behaviors, including strategies for prevention, intervention, and treatment.

ENC 580 - Nonprofit Financial Leadership (3 hours)
Provides students with a comprehensive overview of financial management related to nonprofit organizations. Topics include various budgeting systems and other financial management tools; service costing and the linking of costs to performance measures; fee setting; and government contracting.

ENC 581 - Topics in Nonprofit Leadership (1-3 hours)
Topics of special interest which may vary each time course is offered. Topic stated in current Schedule of Classes. May be repeated under different topics for a maximum of six hours credit.

ENC 582 - Grant Writing in Nonprofit Leadership (3 hours)
This course is designed to provide an introduction to grant writing and methods for writing grant proposals. Students will learn to critique, research, and write grant proposals. Emphasis will be placed upon organization of a grant writing campaign and preparation of a complete proposal package.

ENC 583 - Supervision and Employee Engagement in Nonprofit Leadership (3 hours)
Focuses on the recruitment, selection, and engagement of employees within the context of mission in nonprofit organizations.

ENC 584 - Topics in Human Development Counseling (1-6 hours)
Topics of special interest which may vary each time course is offered. Topic stated in current Schedule of Classes. May be repeated under different topics for a maximum of six hours credit.

ENC 585 - Understanding Schools: A Primer for Non-Teachers (2 hours)
Intended for non-teachers seeking state licensure as a school counselor. This course is a combined survey and field observation experience. Students will learn about the structure, organization, and operation of the US educational system, P-12. Using current neuroscience and neurocounseling research on teaching and learning students are introduced to concepts in curriculum and instruction, to include reading methods and reading in the content areas.

ENC 586 - Counseling Diverse Populations (3 hours)
Students are introduced to value systems and diverse groups and the use of theories and models of diversity in establishing effective helping relationships.

ENC 604 - Research Methodology and Applications (3 hours)
Research methods, statistical analysis, needs assessment, and program evaluation utilized in counseling, education, and human service administration. The use of research to inform evidence-based and ethical practice in decision making is emphasized.

ENC 605 - Legal and Social Change (3 hours)
Analysis of the effects of legal and social change on lives of young people and on the work of educators and other helping professionals; focus on selected issues of legal and social change with diverse populations.

ENC 606 - Interpersonal Behavior & Organizational Leadership (3 hours)
Theory and practice related to interpersonal communication, organizational behavior, and leadership are addressed. Students analyze the neuroanatomy of leadership on four levels: self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, and relationship Leadership skills are developed in the context of mentoring, conflict resolution, and work group dynamics.

ENC 607 - Neurocounseling: Bridging Brain and Behavior (3 hours)
This introductory neurocounseling course will teach students how physiology and the brain affect behavior and emotions and thus impact counseling. Concise self-regulation methods and strategies for integration into counseling will be offered.

ENC 608 - Brain-Based Counseling Interventions (2 hours)
Students will become skilled in neurocounseling interventions supported by current research findings. Through experiential activities, discussion, research, and reflections, students will interactively explore interventions designed to support healthy brain plasticity and bridge counseling skills to the brain's physiology and function. Interventions such as mindfulness, meditation, neurotherapy, neurofeedback, and other strategies for self-regulation will be demonstrated, discussed, and practiced.

ENC 610 - Survey in Nonprofit Leadership (3 hours)
An introduction to the roles and responsibilities of administrators in nonprofit organizations. Trends in nonprofit service delivery, including organizational leadership and culture, human resource management, financial management, strategic planning, working with boards, marketing and public relations, social service partnership and collaboration.

ENC 611 - Instructional Leadership (3 hours)
Identification of current instructional changes and requirements in PK-12 schools and consideration of leadership and necessary knowledge to create effective school learning communities.

ENC 612 - Institutional Planning and Evaluation (3 hours)
Identification, analysis, and application of techniques and tools of institutional planning and evaluation. Program, personnel, financial, facility, and institutional planning. Prerequisite: ENC 610.

ENC 620 - Introduction to Counseling: Professional Orientation (2 hours)
Basic counseling skills for career planning, exploration, and decision-making across the life span. Theories of career development, assessment in career counseling, career guidance programs for primary, secondary, and higher education, and career issues for special populations are addressed. Opportunity for practical experience in interviewing, assessment, and career information gathering and distribution is provided.

ENC 621 - Career and Life Planning Across the Life Span (3 hours)
Basic counseling skills for career planning, exploration, and decision-making across the life span. Theories of career development, assessment in career counseling, career guidance programs for primary, secondary, and higher education, and career issues for special populations are addressed. Opportunity for practical experience in interviewing, assessment, and career information gathering and distribution is provided.

ENC 622 - Counseling: Ethics and the Law (1 hour)
The study of ethical standards of professional organizations and credentialing bodies, and application of ethical and legal considerations in professional counseling. Ethical decision-making and critical thinking are emphasized and practiced.

ENC 623 - Pre-Practicum in Counseling (3 hours)
Instruction, demonstration, practice, and evaluation in basic interviewing and counseling skills. Emphasis on practice and skill development. Prerequisite: ENC 620 or concurrent enrollment.

ENC 624 - Theories and Techniques of Counseling (3 hours)
The study of counseling theories and models that facilitate client conceptualization, selection of appropriate interventions, and development of a personal model of counseling. Prerequisite: ENC 623 or concurrent enrollment or consent of instructor.

ENC 625 - Principles of Group Counseling (3 hours)
Group theory and experiential understanding of group counseling dynamics including group purpose, practices, methods, and group leader facilitation skills for a multicultural society will be taught. Students will receive supervised practice and experience in group counseling as a leader and as a participant. Prerequisite: ENC 623 and 624; or consent of instructor

ENC 630 - Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders (3 hours)
Etiology, diagnostic process, and nomenclature, treatment, referral, and prevention of mental and emotional disorders. Prerequisite: ENC 624.

ENC 631 - Crisis Intervention Counseling (1 hour)
Effects of crises, disasters, and other trauma-causing events on persons of all ages: principles of crisis intervention, emergency management systems, and psychological first aid.

ENC 632 - Psychopharmacology in Counseling (1 hour)
Basic classifications, indications, and contraindications of commonly prescribed psychopharmacological medications. Prerequisite: ENC 630.

ENC 640 - Clinical Supervision (2 hours)
Offers students the opportunity to better understand the supervisory process. Evidenced-based supervision (EBS), different models of supervision and a common factors approach are emphasized. Integration of neurocounseling into supervision is discussed. Prerequisite: ENC 623 and ENC 624

ENC 641 - Assessment in Counseling (3 hours)
Individual and group approaches to assessment and evaluation in a multicultural society including historical perspectives, basic concepts of standardized and non-standardized testing, and other assessment techniques. Statistical concepts and social/cultural factors related to assessment and evaluation.

ENC 651 - Clinical Mental Health Counseling (3 hours)
Principles of clinical mental health counseling including prevention, intervention, consultation, and advocacy as well as operation of programs and networks that promote mental health in a multicultural society. Prerequisite: ENC 620 or consent of instructor.

ENC 653 - Professional School Counseling K-8 (3 hours)
Students will learn about the history and development of elementary and middle school counseling programs, including their administration, financing, and accountability. Using current neuroscience and neurocounseling research on teaching and learning, students will be introduced to reading methods; reading in the content areas; cognitive, experiential, and social-emotional learning skills; methods for group and individual counseling; and methods for counseling students with disabilities and students from diverse populations. Prerequisite: ENC 620 or consent of instructor.

ENC 654 - Consultation in the Helping Professions (2 hours)
A conceptual understanding of effective consultation and its relevance to the helping professional. Demonstration of knowledge and skills necessary to deliver effective consultative services in schools and clinical mental health agencies. Prerequisite: ENC 620 and foundational concentration course (ENC 651, 653, or 655) or consent of instructor.

ENC 655 - Professional School Counseling in Secondary Schools (3 hours)
Secondary professional school counseling programs, including administration, finance, and accountability; cognitive and experiential skills. History and development of school counseling; secondary school education and counseling programs (similarities and differences); group and individual counseling; the counselor's role in school testing; career planning and exploration. Practical experiences. Prerequisite: ENC 620 or consent of instructor.

ENC 661 - Couple and Family Counseling (3 hours)
Theories and techniques of couples and family counseling. Emphasis is on working with couples, families, and children to promote human development, including the role of the family counselor within the network of school and clinical mental health settings. Prerequisite: ENC 651 or 653 or 655.

ENC 662 - Community Relations (1 hour)
Developing effective community relations through a four-step process involving two-way communication and researching, planning, communicating, and evaluating.

ENC 663 - Counseling and the Dynamics of Aging (1 hour)
The mental health dynamics of aging and its impact on the human service professions. Practical skills of gerontological counseling and their relationship to the concerns of aging.

ENC 669 - Special Education Law (2 hours)
The course reviews all disability categories related to special education services and includes appropriate staffing and instructional methods for students with exceptionalities. Course content provides information on state and federal requirements relative to students where English is not their primary language and the statutory provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the American with Disabilities Act (ADA). An examination of stakeholders and participants in special education services, identification/evaluation of services, appropriate instructional methods, least restrictive environment, related services, and free and appropriate education.

ENC 670 - Human Resource Management (3 hours)
Survey approaches to supervision and evaluation in K-12 education based upon legislative requirements; examination of the relationship between practices, professional development, and the improvement of instruction; development skills of classroom observation and conferencing; and development of skills in hiring and induction of personnel.

ENC 673 - Leadership Perspectives (3 hours)
Concepts of leadership, organizational theory, and decision making presented from multiple perspectives; focus on the practice of educational administration and nonprofit leadership. Prerequisite: EHC 606 or consent of instructor

ENC 676 - The School Principalship (3 hours)
Various components, background, and training for an entry-level elementary or secondary school principal. Prerequisite: ENC 673 or consent of instructor.

ENC 677 - Educational Finance (2 hours)
Theory and practice; historical and present sources of revenue and allocation of funds.

ENC 678 - United States Public School Law (3 hours)
Legal aspects of education. Constitutional, statute, and administrative laws related to public and private education.

ENC 681 - Seminar in Educational Administration (0-6 hours)
Special problems, areas, or current issues in student's chosen field within educational administration/supervision. Maximum of three hours may be taken under a single topic.

ENC 682 - Seminar in Nonprofit Leadership (1-6 hours)
Special problems, area, or current issues in nonprofit leadership.

ENC 684 - Seminar in Professional Counseling (0-6 hours)
Seminar for students specializing in counseling who desire to concentrate on special problems or areas. A variable credit course that may be taken more than one to a maximum of 6 hours.

ENC 686 - Field Experiences in Administration (0-6 hours)
A culminating experience to give the student the opportunity to work with a practicing administrator in the application of theoretical knowledge from previous coursework to administrative tasks. Accompanying seminars focus on selected topics associated with leadership and administration. Requires 150 hours of supervised activity for three hours of credit.

ENC 690 - Practicum (2 hours)
Supervised application of theory and development of counseling skills with clients representing the ethnic and demographic diversity of the community. Prerequisite: ENC 625; consent of instructor.

ENC 691 - Internship I (1-2 hours)
Comprehensive supervised experience that reflects a professional counselor's work appropriate to the students' designated program area. Prerequisite: ENC 690; consent of instructor

ENC 692 - Internship II (1-6 hours)
Comprehensive supervised experience that reflects a professional counselor's work appropriate to the students' designated program area. Prerequisite: ENC 690; consent of instructor

ENC 699 - Thesis (0-6 hours)
Advanced educational or social science research under the guidance of a departmental faculty member. Student will design, develop, and present the research proposal, then conduct the approved research study consistent with the Committee for Use of Human Subjects in Research (CUHSR) regulations and university ethical guidelines. Minimum of 3.0 and maximum of 6.0 hours may be taken and applied toward Master's degree.

ENC 703 - Action Research - Intro to Doctoral Studies (3 hours)
Through carefully chosen readings and assignments, this course will provide candidates with the knowledge and skills needed to begin to understand how action research informs curricular and instructional decisions both school-wide and at the classroom level. Additionally, the course prepares candidates to develop an action research project. The primary focus of this course is to prepare candidates to begin the process to develop the final action research capstone project.

ENC 704 - Action Research 2 (3 hours)
Through carefully chosen readings and assignments, this course will provide candidates with the knowledge and skills needed to understand how action research inform curricular and instructional decisions both school-wide and at the classroom level. Additionally, the course prepares candidates to develop an action research project. ENC 705 is a continuation of this direction and the primary focus of ENC 704 is to prepare candidates to begin the process to develop the final action research capstone project.

ENC 705 - Action Research 3 (3 hours)
This course will guide the EdD student through the Data Collection stage of Action Research Plan. Students will use this semester to implement the learning developed in ENC 703 and ENC 704 and utilize the data collection plan previously developed. Attention will be given to management of time and data, and ethical standards of investigation. Prerequisite: ENC 703, 704

ENC 706 - Action Research 4 - Seminar in Educational Research (3 hours)
This course will guide the EdD student through the Review of Related Literature stage of the Action Research Project. Using advanced research strategies, students will complete their search of appropriate databases, read, and become familiar with the literature in order to identify relevant research and theory related to a specific topic. Prerequisite: 703, 704, 705

ENC 707 - Action Research 5 - Seminar in Educational Research (3 hours)
This course will guide the EdD student through the data analysis, discussion and conclusions stages of Action Research PLan. Students will finalize all chapters of the Action Research Plan during this semester. Students will continue to be part of a community of researchers, willing and able to support each other in the development of research plans as the group moves through the degree program. Prerequisite: 703, 704, 705, 706

ENC 708 - Boards and Educational Governance (3 hours)
This course examines the school community context in considering board policies and the development of working relationships with community members. Topics such as setting standards, understanding accountability roles, the impact of pressure groups, and working with formal and informal ideologies are discussed within the framework of the educational institution, the political environment, and the ultimate process of policy development.

ENC 709 - Ethical & Political Foundations of Educational Policy (3 hours)
Critical analysis of educational policy from social justice perspectives and application of effective political leadership practices to ensure equity for all constituencies.

ENC 710 - Learning in an Era of Technology (3 hours)
Analysis of effective uses of technology in learning and the systemic structures necessary to ensure that technology practices result in effective learning for all learners.

ENC 711 - National Trends in Assessment, Data Analysis & Accountability (3 hours)
Examines current trends in assessment and effective leadership practices to ensure accountability and inform continuous improvement.

ENC 717 - Leadership in Higher Education & Community College (3 hours)
Examination of leadership roles in higher education and community colleges and applications to specific cases.

ENC 718 - Administration of Online Programs in Higher Ed & Community College (3 hours)
Role of administrators in the creation and maintenance of effective online courses or programs including curricular, faculty, contractual issues, and technology support systems

ENC 719 - Student & Academic Affairs (3 hours)
Systematic inquiry into ethical issues faced by contemporary educational leaders related to student and academic affairs and effective resolution strategies.

ENC 720 - The Contemporary Learner (3 hours)
A study of the latest research and trends surrounding the adult, post-secondary learner. Course explores innovative approaches in education where leaders develop the capacity to engage communities and educators to imagine, build and sustain vibrant learning ecosystems that allow all students to thrive.

ENC 721 - Financial Affairs in Higher Education (3 hours)
Systematic inquiry into political, economic, and social issues faced by contemporary educational leaders related to the financing of higher education.

ENC 722 - The Internship I (3 hours)
This course is the first of a two semester internship with each intern working for an experienced superintendent mentor. The internship experience builds effective relationships through intrapersonal, interpersonal, and organizational development focused on communication. Students are asked to examine leadership challenges of the present and future based on class learning and individual experiences. The internship provides the intern with real world experiences related to leadership at the highest levels of Pre-K-12 public and private schools. Prerequisite: ENC 703-716/721

ENC 723 - The Internship II (3 hours)
This course is the second of a two semester internship with each intern working for an experienced superintendent mentor. The internship experience builds effective relationships through intrapersonal, interpersonal, and organizational development focused on communication. Students are asked to examine leadership challenges of the present and future based on class learning and individual experiences. The internship provides the intern with real world experiences related to leadership at the highest levels of Pre-K-12 public and private schools. Prerequisite: ENC 703-716/721

ETE 513 - Educational Software Design (3 hours)
The design and construction of educational software that is based upon sound educational theory and best practice. Students will become proficient with appropriate multimedia instructional design software in developing their projects. Investigating and applying current theories of learning, instruction, and assessment. Cross-listed as IM 513. Prerequisite: IM 113; IM 213 or instructor approval.

ETE 515 - Mathematics Methods for the Middle School (3 hours)
Provides strategies and curriculum for teaching mathematics to youth in fifth through eighth grades. Strategies focus on problem solving, logical reasoning, and real life connections. Use of dynamic software and math modeling are emphasized. Assessment strategies appropriate for middle school mathematics will be addressed. Students will develop a deep understanding of national and state standards. Prerequisite: Senior standing in an education program and advancement to degree candidacy, or Teacher License. Not open to students who have had ETE 357.

ETE 550 - Independent Study (1-3 hours)
Student selects subject of study with advisor approval. Multiple sections may be taken concurrently. Maximum of 6 semester hours may be applied to a degree program. Prerequisite: approval of department chair and dean of College of Education and Health Sciences.

ETE 610 - Young Adolescent Development (3 hours)
Examines the theories and research surrounding young adolescents as they move through puberty and middle school. Physical, cognitive, social, moral, and emotional development are studied with concern for the psychological implications and educational ramifications. Students will develop a deep understanding of national and state standards. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and teacher certification or permission of instructor.

ETE 611 - Middle School Instructional Strategies (3 hours)
Presents curriculum, teaching strategies, and assessment for instructing youth in fifth through eighth grades. School organization, professional collaboration, active classroom environment, brain-based teaching and learning, high expectations for all students, and student progress are topics for the course. Students will develop a deep understanding of national and state standards. Prerequisite: Graduate standing and teacher certification or permission of instructor.

ETE 616 - Analysis and Evaluation of Children's Literature (3 hours)
Evaluation and selection of children's literature; current trends and issues; applications in school classrooms for elementary and secondary students.

ETE 618 - Science: An Inquiry Approach (3 hours)
This course is designed to help educators learn and better understand inquiry as an instructional approach. Topics include what inquiry is, how to conduct inquiry, and ways to teach inquiry processes and skills to students. The course will involve identifying and conducting an inquiry investigation into some science topic and how it can best be taught to students. Prerequisite: Admission to the C & I Program.

ETE 620 - Writing Across the Curriculum (3 hours)
Designed to increase a teacher's understanding of the integration of writing across the content areas in elementary and secondary classrooms. Topics include research and practice regarding exposition, persuasion, and narrative; instructional methods including creative writing; community and family leadership. Prerequisite: Admission to the C & I Program

ETE 630 - Critical Foundations of Literacy Instruction (3 hours)
A study of current theories and practices in reading instruction: the development of the reader, historical, sociological, and psychological perspectives. Prerequisite: at least one undergraduate reading methods course.

ETE 631 - Resources and Strategies for the Reading Teacher (3 hours)
A study of the resources, services, and instructional strategies to support the learning of the elementary and secondary student in regular school classrooms as well as in remedial settings. Prerequisite: ETE 630.

ETE 632 - Reading in the Content Areas (3 hours)
Focus on reading instruction assisting educators to integrate literacy in the content areas in grades K-8. Designed for the identification of reading and study strategies to enhance students' comprehension of texts other than narrative (i.e., expository, visual, graphic, etc.). Prerequisite: ETE 630.

ETE 636 - Assessment in Reading (3 hours)
Reading assessment and evaluation theories and methods for the reading teacher or specialist in classrooms K through 12. Prerequisite: ETE 630.

ETE 637 - Remediation of Reading Difficulties (3 hours)
Methods and procedures for integrated diagnosis and correction of reading difficulties; interpretation of reading assessments for tailoring remediation and instruction within the elementary and/or secondary reading or language arts classroom. Prerequisite: ETE 630; ETE 636 or ETE 671

ETE 639 - Roles and Responsibilities of the Literacy Professional (3 hours)
Seminar in current practices and responsibilities assumed by literacy professionals. Involves comparative study of existing models of leadership including collaboration with key leaders in programs throughout the United States. Requires the actual development of a program plan and the means to disseminate it. Prerequisite: ETE 636, 637, 640, 641.

ETE 640 - Reading Practicum (3 hours)
Field experience in elementary and/or secondary reading. Focuses on integrating assessment and evaluation into balanced literacy practice as well as individualized remediation. Course is tailored to the needs of the graduate student and may be repeated for a maximum of six credit hours. Prerequisite: ETE 631, 636, 637.

ETE 641 - Remedial Reading Practicum (3 hours)
Practicum in diagnosing, evaluating, and treating reading difficulties in individual children with severe deficits in literacy. Prerequisite: ETE 630, 636, 637.

ETE 643 - Assessment and Evaluation Practicum for Learners With Exceptionalities (3 hours)
Practicum: use of psycho-educational tests and diagnostic teaching techniques. Preparation of a complete formal and informal educational assessment of a learner including a professional report written in a specified format.

ETE 650 - Topics in Education (1-3 hours)
Topics of special interest which may vary each time course is offered. Multiple sections may be taken concurrently. Maximum of 6 semester hours may be applied to a degree program. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor and department chair.

ETE 651 - Curriculum Theory and Development (3 hours)
Curriculum models and theories. Curriculum development processes and the teacher's role.

ETE 653 - Instructional Strategies and Designs (3 hours)
PreK-12 instructional strategies and designs. Emphasis on developmentally appropriate educational opportunities that actively engage the learner.

ETE 654 - Program Evaluation (3 hours)
Qualitative and quantitative models and techniques for evaluating educational programs. Prerequisite: ELH 604 or consent of instructor.

ETE 655 - Instructional Theory (3 hours)
Investigation and development of a theory of instruction for practitioners built upon the research based on existing strategies, models, methods, assessment, skills, improvement techniques, movements in education, theorists, curriculum, and the learner.

ETE 659 - Curriculum and Instruction (1-5 hours)
Supervised field experience. Application of knowledge and skills to contexts and environment selected by the student and advisor. May be repeated for a maximum of 6 hours credit. Prerequisite: Curriculum and instruction course or consent of instructor.

ETE 661 - Child Growth and Development (3 hours)
Interaction of learning and developmental processes from birth through age 8. Influence of sociocultural and ecological factors.

ETE 662 - Family Intervention (3 hours)
The role of the family and community in the education of infants, toddlers, pre-primary, and primary-aged children. Analysis of family systems including resource development and family program development.

ETE 663 - Schooling in a Diverse World (3 hours)
Multicultural issues, perspectives, and current trends. Role of the teacher as an advocate and change agent. Evaluation of materials, methods, and programs.

ETE 664 - Classroom Assessments (3 hours)
Provides an overview of classroom-based assessment methods, both qualitative and quantitative. Emphasizes the different types and purposes of assessment, as well as creative alternatives to traditional assessment techniques. Tailored to graduate students' needs and interests.

ETE 665 - Technology Infusion (3 hours)
Infusing technology into preK-12 curriculum. Emphasizes computer as tutor; productivity tool; multimedia tool; modeling tool; communication tool; and the future impact the technology will have on classrooms.

ETE 667 - Characteristics of and Methods for Students Who Are Gifted (3-6 hours)
A focus on all aspects of the gifted learner: cognition, psycho-social, affective, and talent development. Field placement requires curriculum design, testing procedures, identification, and direct instruction of gifted learners. Repeatable for a maximum of six hours.

ETE 671 - Instructional Strategies & Designs in Special Education (3 hours)
Addresses in-depth planning and implementation of instructional methods and strategies to meet diverse needs of learners with exceptionalities across environments. Application of current evidenced-based strategies in special education, including topics such as eligibility, placement, assessment, curricular decisions. Response to intervention and individual program implementation will be discussed.

ETE 672 - Technology Applications for Learners with Exceptionalities (3 hours)
Provides current research-based applications of technology and universal design that will enhance learning and active involvement of learners with exceptionalities across environments. Emphasis will be given to the advocacy roles and responsibilities of the teacher relevant to the implementation of a continuum of Assistive Technology (AT) services and Universal Design for Learning (UDL) in collaboration with all stakeholders involved in the education of learners with exceptionalities.

ETE 673 - Self-Determination for Individuals With Disabilities (3 hours)
Focuses on instructional practices that can be utilized by the student to teach self-determination skills to individuals with disabilities. The student will explore self-determination concepts, theories, assessment, instructional strategies, and issues of implementation that can in turn be taught to individuals with disabilities in order to facilitate goal-directed, self-regulated, autonomous behavior.

ETE 674 - Issues, Trends, and Research in Special Education (3 hours)
Addresses critical analysis of current issues, trends, and research in special education with attention to legislation, litigation, definitions, identification, eligibility, inclusion, placement, collaboration, and professional advocacy. Research design and methodology in special education.

ETE 678 - Leadership and Collaboration in Special Education (3 hours)
Provides advanced professional collaboration and leadership strategies to effectively work with the greater school community including families, other educators, related service providers, and personnel from community education agencies. Emphasis will be given toward honing candidates' leadership and collaboration skills essential to current practices across environments. Evidence-based, culturally responsive practices critical for the education leader and advocate in meeting the unique needs of individuals with exceptionalities will be discussed.

ETE 698 - Creative/Research (0-6 hours)
Individual study on a topic selected by student with advisor approval. Integration and application of research. Student must produce a product such as a software program, journal article, or program portfolio. May be repeated for a maximum of 6 hours credit. Student may not receive credit for both ETE 698 and ETE 699.

ETE 699 - Thesis (0-6 hours)
Design and implement a research proposal which has implications for preK-12 education. May be repeated for a maximum of 6 hours credit. Student may not receive credit for both ETE 698 and ETE 699. Prerequisite: consent of department chair.

This is the official catalog for the 2019-2020 academic year. This catalog serves as a contract between a student and Bradley University. Should changes in a program of study become necessary prior to the next academic year every effort will be made to keep students advised of any such changes via the Dean of the College or Chair of the Department concerned, the Registrar's Office, u.Achieve degree audit system, and the Schedule of Classes. It is the responsibility of each student to be aware of the current program and graduation requirements for particular degree programs.