Education, Counseling and Leadership Course Descriptions

ENC 510 - Statistical Procedures (3 hours)
Principles and procedures for statistical interpretation of data. Study of measures and control tendency, variability, correlation, and introductory predictive and inferential statistics.

ENC 530 - Loss and Grief Counseling (1 hour)
Offers students the opportunity to understand the beliefs about loss and grief, blockers, and interventions. Students will identify the different types of losses. Loss and grief seem to underlie all life experience, and culture and gender influence how we grieve and mourn. Integration of neurocounseling into the grief process is discussed.

ENC 540 - Human Growth and Development Across the Lifespan (3 hours)
Studies that provide an understanding of the nature and needs of persons at all developmental levels and in multicultural contexts, including common theories, neurobiological behavior, models of resiliency, exceptional abilities, factors that affect normal and abnormal behavior, and wellness over the life span. Experiential activities emphasize personal contact and on-site work with people of different ages and stages of physical and psychological development.

ENC 550 - Independent Study (1-6 hours)
Independent study in a selected area related to educational goals.

ENC 551 - Prevention and Treatment of Substance-Related and Addictive Disorders (3 hours)
Theories and etiology of substance-related and addictive disorders, including strategies for prevention, intervention, and treatment in relation to the individual and the impact on the community.

ENC 584 - Topics in Human Development Counseling (1-6 hours)
Topics of special interest which may vary each time course is offered. Topic stated in current Schedule of Classes. May be repeated under different topics for a maximum of six hours credit.

ENC 585 - Understanding Schools: A Primer for Non-Teachers (2 hours)
Intended for non-teachers seeking state licensure as a school counselor. This course is a combined survey and field observation experience. Students will learn about the structure, organization, and operation of the US educational system, P-12. Using current neuroscience and neurocounseling research on teaching and learning students are introduced to concepts in curriculum and instruction, to include reading methods and reading in the content areas. Prerequisite:

ENC 586 - Counseling Diverse Populations (3 hours)
Students are introduced to value systems and diverse groups and the use of theories and models of diversity in establishing effective helping relationships.

ENC 604 - Research Methodology and Applications (3 hours)
Research methods, statistical analysis, needs assessment, and program evaluation utilized in counseling, education, and human service administration. The use of research to inform evidence-based and ethical practice in decision making is emphasized.

ENC 606 - Interpersonal Behavior & Organizational Leadership (3 hours)
Theory and practice related to interpersonal communication, organizational behavior, and leadership are addressed. Students analyze the neuroanatomy of leadership on four levels: self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, and relationship Leadership skills are developed in the context of mentoring, conflict resolution, and work group dynamics.

ENC 607 - Neurocounseling: Bridging Brain and Behavior (3 hours)
This introductory neurocounseling course will teach students how physiology and the brain affect behavior and emotions and thus impact counseling. Concise self-regulation methods and strategies for integration into counseling will be offered.

ENC 608 - Brain-Based Counseling Interventions (3 hours)
Students will become skilled in neurocounseling interventions supported by current research findings. Through experiential activities, discussion, research, and reflections, students will interactively explore interventions designed to support healthy brain plasticity and bridge counseling skills to the brain's physiology and function. Interventions such as mindfulness, meditation, neurotherapy, neurofeedback, and other strategies for self-regulation will be demonstrated, discussed, and practiced. Prerequisite:

ENC 611 - Instructional Leadership (3 hours)
Identification of current instructional changes and requirements in PK-12 schools and consideration of leadership and necessary knowledge to create effective school learning communities.

ENC 620 - Professional Counseling Orientation and Ethical Practice (3 hours)
A survey course introducing the counseling profession as the promotion of human development, including an overview of the historical and philosophical development of the field, a survey of relevant skills, client population and settings, and ethical practice. Required of all students preparing to become leaders in the profession of counseling.

ENC 621 - Career and Life Planning Across the Life Span (3 hours)
Basic counseling skills for career planning, exploration, and decision-making across the life span. Theories of career development, assessment in career counseling, career guidance programs for primary, secondary, and higher education, and career issues for special populations are addressed. Opportunity for practical experience in interviewing, assessment, and career information gathering and distribution is provided.

ENC 622 - Counseling: Ethics and the Law (1 hour)
The study of ethical standards of professional organizations and credentialing bodies, and application of ethical and legal considerations in professional counseling. Ethical decision-making and critical thinking are emphasized and practiced.

ENC 623 - Pre-Practicum in Counseling (3 hours)
Instruction, demonstration, practice, and evaluation in basic interviewing and counseling skills. Emphasis on practice and skill development. Prerequisite: ENC 620 or concurrent enrollment.

ENC 624 - Theories and Techniques of Counseling (3 hours)
The study of counseling theories and models that facilitate client conceptualization, selection of appropriate interventions, and development of a personal model of counseling. Prerequisite: ENC 623 or concurrent enrollment or consent of instructor.

ENC 625 - Principles of Group Counseling (3 hours)
Group theory and experiential understanding of group counseling dynamics including group purpose, practices, methods, and group leader facilitation skills for a multicultural society will be taught. Students will receive supervised practice and experience in group counseling as a leader and as a participant. Prerequisite: ENC 623 and 624; or consent of instructor

ENC 630 - Diagnosis and Treatment of Mental Disorders (3 hours)
Etiology, diagnostic process, and nomenclature, clinical and psychopharmacological treatment, referral, and prevention of mental and emotional disorders. Prerequisite: ENC 624.

ENC 631 - Trauma, Crisis and Grief Counseling (3 hours)
Effects of crises, disasters, and other trauma-causing events on persons of all ages: principles of crisis intervention, emergency management systems, psychological first aid, grief and loss, and trauma-informed care.

ENC 632 - Psychopharmacology in Counseling (1 hour)
Basic classifications, indications, and contraindications of commonly prescribed psychopharmacological medications. Prerequisite: ENC 630.

ENC 640 - Clinical Supervision (2 hours)
Offers students the opportunity to better understand the supervisory process. Evidenced-based supervision (EBS), different models of supervision and a common factors approach are emphasized. Integration of neurocounseling into supervision is discussed. Prerequisite: ENC 623 and ENC 624

ENC 641 - Assessment in Counseling (3 hours)
Individual and group approaches to assessment and evaluation in a multicultural society including historical perspectives, basic concepts of standardized and non-standardized testing, and other assessment techniques. Statistical concepts and social/cultural factors related to assessment and evaluation.

ENC 651 - Clinical Mental Health Counseling (3 hours)
Principles of clinical mental health counseling including prevention, intervention, consultation, and advocacy as well as operation of programs and networks that promote mental health in a multicultural society. Prerequisite: ENC 620 or consent of instructor.

ENC 653 - Professional School Counseling K-8 (2 hours)
Students will learn about the history and development of elementary and middle school counseling programs, including their administration, financing, and accountability. Using current neuroscience and neurocounseling research on teaching and learning, students will be introduced to reading methods; reading in the content areas; cognitive, experiential, and social-emotional learning skills; methods for group and individual counseling; and methods for counseling students with disabilities and students from diverse populations. Prerequisite: ENC 620 or consent of instructor.

ENC 654 - Consultation in the Helping Professions (1 hour)
A conceptual understanding of effective consultation and its relevance to the helping professional. Demonstration of knowledge and skills necessary to deliver effective consultative services in schools and clinical mental health agencies. Prerequisite: ENC 620 and foundational concentration course (ENC 651, 653, or 655) or consent of instructor.

ENC 655 - Professional School Counseling in Secondary Schools (3 hours)
Secondary professional school counseling programs, including administration, finance, and accountability; cognitive and experiential skills. History and development of school counseling; secondary school education and counseling programs (similarities and differences); group and individual counseling; the counselor's role in school testing; career planning and exploration. Practical experiences. Prerequisite: ENC 620 or consent of instructor.

ENC 661 - Intimate Partner Relationships and Family Counseling (3 hours)
Theories and techniques of intimate partner relationships and family counseling. Emphasis is on working with couples (intimate partners), families, and children to promote human development, including the role of the family counselor within the network of school and clinical mental health settings. Prerequisite: ENC 651 or 653 or 655.

ENC 662 - Community Relations (1 hour)
Developing effective community relations through a four-step process involving two-way communication and researching, planning, communicating, and evaluating.

ENC 663 - Counseling and the Dynamics of Aging (1 hour)
The mental health dynamics of aging and its impact on the human service professions. Practical skills of gerontological counseling and their relationship to the concerns of aging.

ENC 669 - Education Law, Advocacy and Leadership (2 hours)
The course reviews all disability categories related to special education services and includes appropriate staffing and instructional methods for students with exceptionalities. Course content provides information on state and federal requirements relative to students where English is not their primary language and the statutory provisions of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the American with Disabilities Act (ADA). An examination of stakeholders and participants in special education services, identification/evaluation of services, appropriate instructional methods, least restrictive environment, related services, and free and appropriate education. Prerequisite:

ENC 670 - Human Resource Management (3 hours)
Survey approaches to supervision and evaluation in K-12 education based upon legislative requirements; examination of the relationship between practices, professional development, and the improvement of instruction; development skills of classroom observation and conferencing; and development of skills in hiring and induction of personnel.

ENC 676 - The School Principalship (3 hours)
Various components, background, and training for an entry-level elementary or secondary school principal. Prerequisite: ENC 673 or consent of instructor.

ENC 677 - Educational Finance (2 hours)
Theory and practice; historical and present sources of revenue and allocation of funds.

ENC 678 - United States Public School Law (3 hours)
Legal aspects of education. Constitutional, statute, and administrative laws related to public and private education.

ENC 681 - Seminar in Educational Administration (0-6 hours)
Special problems, areas, or current issues in student's chosen field within educational administration/supervision. Maximum of three hours may be taken under a single topic.

ENC 682 - Seminar in Nonprofit Leadership (1-6 hours)
Special problems, area, or current issues in nonprofit leadership.

ENC 684 - Seminar in Professional Counseling (0-6 hours)
Seminar for students specializing in counseling who desire to concentrate on special problems or areas. A variable credit course that may be taken more than one to a maximum of 6 hours.

ENC 690 - Practicum (3 hours)
Supervised application of theory and development of counseling skills with clients representing the ethnic and demographic diversity of the community. Prerequisite: ENC 625; consent of instructor.

ENC 691 - Internship I (1-3 hours)
Comprehensive supervised experience that reflects a professional counselor's work appropriate to the students' designated program area. Prerequisite: ENC 690; consent of instructor

ENC 692 - Internship II (1-6 hours)
Comprehensive supervised experience that reflects a professional counselor's work appropriate to the students' designated program area. Prerequisite: ENC 690; consent of instructor

ENC 699 - Thesis (0-6 hours)
Advanced educational or social science research under the guidance of a departmental faculty member. Student will design, develop, and present the research proposal, then conduct the approved research study consistent with the Committee for Use of Human Subjects in Research (CUHSR) regulations and university ethical guidelines. Minimum of 3.0 and maximum of 6.0 hours may be taken and applied toward Master's degree.

ENC 700 - Independent Study (1-6 hours)
This customized course offers independent study in a selected area commensurate with student academic and/or career goals. Prerequisite: Graduate student standing and consent of department chair

ENC 702 - Current Topics and Issues in Education (1 hour)
This inquiry-based course deeply explores a current topic or issue in P-20 education from a range of perspectives through intentionally-selected readings, class discussions, and written reflections. Special emphasis on analysis, evaluation, synthesis, and application. May be repeated up to a maximum of 5 credit hours. Prerequisite: Graduate student standing and consent of department chair

ENC 703 - Action Research 1: Introduction to Action Research (3 hours)
Introduction to action research and how it can be used to inform practice. Focus on the action research process as an approach to scholarly research, selecting and developing a research topic, ethical considerations in scholarly research, and designing a scholarly research project. Prerequisite:

ENC 704 - Action Research 2: Action Research Design and Ethics (3 hours)
Guides students through the processes of scholarly research design and human subject research approval. Focus on research methods; ethical standards for scholarly investigation; developing a theoretical framework; writing a literature review; and writing a research proposal. Prerequisite: ENC 703

ENC 705 - Action Research 3:Data Collection in Action Research (3 hours)
Guides students through the data collection stage of an ongoing scholarly research project. Focus on methods of data collection and analysis; data management; and initial data analysis. Prerequisite: ENC 704 and Bradley-approved CUHSR proposal

ENC 706 - Action Research 4: Data Analysis and Reporting in Action Research (3 hours)
Guides students through the data analysis and reporting stages of an ongoing scholarly research project. Focus on methods of data analysis; framing a scholarly discussion; drawing conclusions; and presenting scholarly work. Prerequisite: ENC 705

ENC 707 - Action Research 5:Scholarly Writing and Presentation in Action Research (3 hours)
Guides students through the process of reporting an ongoing scholarly research project using a five-chapter format and reporting scholarly research to various audiences. Focus on standards for scholarly writing; presenting scholarly work; and application of action research findings. Prerequisite: ENC 706

ENC 708 - Boards and Educational Governance (3 hours)
Examines board policies and working relationships between higher education institutions and the larger community. Focus on standards, accountability, the impact of pressure groups, and leadership and policy development within the framework of the educational institution and the political environment. Prerequisite:

ENC 709 - Ethical & Political Foundations of Educational Policy (3 hours)
Critical analysis of higher education policy from social justice perspectives. Focus on application of effective political leadership practices to ensure equity for all students. Prerequisite:

ENC 710 - Learning in an Era of Technology (3 hours)
Critical analysis of effective uses of technology in higher education learning environments. Focus on systemic structures to ensure effective, accessible learning for all students. Prerequisite:

ENC 711 - National Trends in Assessment, Data Analysis & Accountability (3 hours)
Examines current trends in assessment and effective leadership practices in higher education to ensure accountability and inform continuous improvement. Prerequisite:

ENC 717 - Organization and Leadership in Higher Education (3 hours)
Unique missions, traditions, people, and agendas shape the decision-making structure(s) of higher education organizations. The framework of organizational lenses, and leadership are explored, and applied to the multi-varied audiences of the higher education institution.

ENC 718 - The Community College (3 hours)
The community college is essential to the higher education landscape. Community college history, academic and community mission, and economic development capabilities are explored as essential tenants of the greater postsecondary environment. Prerequisite:

ENC 719 - Student & Academic Affairs (3 hours)
Systematic inquiry into ethical issues faced by contemporary educational leaders related to student and academic affairs and effective resolution strategies. Prerequisite:

ENC 720 - The Contemporary Learner (3 hours)
A study of the latest research and trends surrounding the adult, post-secondary learner. Course explores innovative approaches in education where leaders develop the capacity to engage communities and educators to imagine, build and sustain vibrant learning ecosystems that allow all students to thrive. Prerequisite:

ENC 721 - Financial Affairs in Higher Education (3 hours)
Systematic inquiry into political, economic, and social issues faced by contemporary educational leaders related to the financing of higher education. Prerequisite:

ENC 722 - Internship 1 (3 hours)
The first of a two-semester internship in higher education administration. Focus on examining and addressing present and future leadership challenges in an authentic educational setting. Prerequisite: ENC 706

ENC 723 - Internship 2 (3 hours)
The second of a two-semester internship in higher education administration. Focus on examining and addressing present and future leadership challenges in an authentic educational setting. Prerequisite: ENC 722

ENC 724 - Scholarly Writing Workshop (1 hour)
This application-based course provides structured writing time, collaborative conferencing, and instructor/peer feedback related to the content, organization, formatting, and scholarship of original drafts of student writing. Special emphasis on strategies for successful completion of degree-related course assignments, including papers, reports, chapters, and proposals. May be repeated up to a maximum of 5 credit hours. Prerequisite: Graduate student standing and consent of department chair

ENC 731 - The Superintendency and District-Level Administration (3 hours)
In this course the Ed.D. Candidate will examine and understand the role of the PreK-12 district administrator in the 21st Century with an emphasis on the role of the superintendent.

ENC 732 - Legal & Ethical Issues Facing the Superintendency (3 hours)
This course will examine key legal and ethical issues that govern daily and long-range decision for district-level educational leaders. The focus is on understanding state and federal laws and emphasizes key legal concepts. Students will examine trends in law and ethics to positively influence educational institutions.

ENC 733 - Strategic Decision-Making and Supervision (3 hours)
Decision-making is a constant for district-level administrators in the PreK-12 setting. This course focuses on various methods of researching, evaluating, planning, and communicating positive decisions for a PreK-12 school district while at the same time discussing supervision of district-level processes, programs, and entities.

ENC 734 - Educational Finance (3 hours)
This course examines the methods of generating, managing, and distributing a school district's financial resources to realize educational goals in an ethical, practical and efficient manner to promote growth, change, and accountability.

ENC 735 - Personnel, Unions, and Collective Bargaining (3 hours)
Successful employee relationships and district-level decisions affecting human resources in the local school district will be explored, especially those who fall under a collective bargaining agreement.

ENC 741 - Applied Educational Media (3 hours)
This course will cover pre-production (assessing need and resources, planning, and preparing), production (development and implementation), and post-production (assessment/evaluating technology and media application for effectiveness in an instructional environment). Understanding how to use technology to increase the likelihood of reaching educational goals is a primary outcome of this course. This course will be performance driven with students being required to create instructional materials. The latest and most relevant ISTE (International Society for Technology in Education) standards will be covered in order to serve as a framework for application. Prerequisite: ENC 708, ENC 709, ENC 710, and ENC 711 or consent of program director

ENC 742 - Instructional Design (3 hours)
This course will cover instructional design (ID) models and theories. Students will complete an entire instructional design sequence on an instructional unit (patterned after a selected ID model). Students will assess needs to identify instructional goals, analyze learners and contexts, conduct instructional analysis, draft performance/learning/instructional objectives, develop instruments for proper assessment, craft instructional strategy, create and/or select materials for instruction, plan and conduct formative evaluation of instruction, engage in revision of instruction, and design and conduct summative evaluation. Prerequisite: ENC 708, ENC 709, ENC 710, and ENC 711 or consent of program director

ENC 743 - Learning Theory and Instructional Strategies (3 hours)
This course will dive deeply into theories of human learning, motivation, and instruction in order to inform teaching and learning to maximize the likelihood that educational practice will be effective, efficient, and engaging. Students will link theory to practice in order to maximize effective instructional design as well as curriculum development. Many of the course objectives will align to the most recent and/or most relevant AECT (Association of Educational and Communication Technology) Standards. Prerequisite: ENC 708, ENC 709, ENC 710, and ENC 711 or consent of program director

ENC 744 - Digital Learning: Online, Distance, and Distributed Instru Instruction (3 hours)
This course concentrates on the theories informing best practices for online and distributed teaching and learning. Various distance and distributed learning models will be examined and students will have an opportunity to craft lessons and develop curriculum, not just for online learning, but in contexts where technology can enhance or even maximize the learning experience. Students will examine differentiated instruction in online/blended environments and explore best practices for meeting the needs of learners across various contexts and under diverse circumstances in technology-based environments. Prerequisite: ENC 708, ENC 709, ENC 710, and ENC 711 or consent of program director

ENC 745 - Digitally Driven Educational Practice (3 hours)
The world is now mediated by digital technology, and a large percentage of that technology is cloud driven and/or virtual augmentation of reality. Managing educational environments, administering educational opportunities, and assessing educational outcomes are all informed by a web-mediated world where new literacies and new consumer competencies and practices serve to catalyze learner expectations. This class will look at frameworks for assessing, applying and prognosticating technological application for administration of education as well as forecasting for curriculum and instruction evolution and progression. Prerequisite: ENC 708, ENC 709, ENC 710, and ENC 711 or consent of program director

ENC 748 - Advanced Instructional Design (3 hours)
Students will dive deeper into instructional design practices with an emphasis on design informed by technology. Students will also acquire the ability to translate learning theories into educational practice and to evaluate and diagnose problems in various instructional design situations and contexts based on real world challenges. The primary goal of this course is to prepare students for future professional practice through direct participation in the processes of instructional design. Working with a subject matter expert as well as a web-based technology platform will enhance the likelihood the learning goal is attained during the semester. Prerequisite: ENC 742

ENC 749 - Educational Technology Portfolio (3 hours)
This course will be a laboratory for enhancing digital design and development skills resulting in a web-based portfolio worthy project. Students will gain hands-on experiences building real-world and professionally mediated educational technology projects. The intent of this course is twofold: First, the experience gained in this course will enhance student's understanding of instructional design theory and educational technology support by requiring students practice technology-driven instructional design and development. The second intention of this course is to provide each student with a relevant, real-world educational technology artifact. Prerequisite: ENC 748

This is the official catalog for the 2023-2024 academic year. This catalog serves as a contract between a student and Bradley University. Should changes in a program of study become necessary prior to the next academic year every effort will be made to keep students advised of any such changes via the Dean of the College or Chair of the Department concerned, the Registrar's Office, u.Achieve degree audit system, and the Schedule of Classes. It is the responsibility of each student to be aware of the current program and graduation requirements for particular degree programs.