Coronavirus Information:
Bradley University will continue on-campus, in-person classes for the spring 2021 semester with limited restrictions.

World Languages Courses

FLL 311 - Introduction to Language (3 hours)
Introduction to the study of language; its structure, acquisition, and function in society. Cross listed as ENG 311.

Arabic

FLA 101 - Elementary Arabic I (5 hours)
Introduction to basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Modern Standard Arabic. Acquisition of language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing, with emphasis on fundamentals of pronunciation and writing. Laboratory included.

FLA 102 - Elementary Arabic II (5 hours)
Introduction to basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Modern Standard Arabic. Acquisition of language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing, with emphasis on fundamentals of pronunciation and writing. Laboratory included. Prerequisite: FLA 101

FLA 201 - Intermediate Arabic I (5 hours)
Continuation and review of basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Modern Standard Arabic. Emphasis on further development of the four language skills through oral and written practice and short readings in literature, culture, and civilization. Prerequisite: FLA 102

FLA 202 - Intermediate Arabic II (5 hours)
Continuation and review of basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Modern Standard Arabic. Emphasis on further development of the four language skills through oral and written practice and short readings in literature, culture, and civilization. Prerequisite: FLA 201

Chinese

FLC 101 - Elementary Chinese (4 hours)
Elementary Chinese. Introduction to basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Mandarin. Acquisition of language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing, with emphasis on fundamentals of pronunciation and writing. Laboratory included.

FLC 102 - Elementary Chinese (5 hours)
Elementary Chinese. Introduction to basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Mandarin. Acquisition of language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing, with emphasis on fundamentals of pronunciation and writing. Laboratory included. Prerequisite: FLC 101

FLC 201 - Intermediate Chinese I (5 hours)
Continuation and review of basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Mandarin. Emphasis on further development of the four language skills through oral and written practice and short readings in literature, culture, and civilization. Prerequisite: FLC 102.

FLC 202 - Intermediate Chinese II (5 hours)
Continuation and review of basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Mandarin. Emphasis on further development of the four language skills through oral and written practice and short readings in literature, culture, and civilization. Prerequisite: FLC 201.

French

FLF 101 - Elementary French 1 (4 hours)
Development of communication skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing) in French. Emphasis on the practice of vocabulary and grammatical structures in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Laboratory included. First course in three-course sequence.

FLF 102 - Elementary French 2 (4 hours)
Continued emphasis on the development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing in French. Focus on the practice of vocabulary and grammatical structures in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Laboratory included. Second course in three-course sequence. Prerequisite: FLF 101 or equivalent.

FLF 201 - Intermediate French 1 (4 hours)
Further refinement of listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Oral and written practice closely linked to cultural and literary readings and videos. Laboratory included. Third course in three-course sequence. Prerequisite: FLF 102 or equivalent.

FLF 202 - Intermediate French 2 (3 hours)
A transition course between elementary language and advanced content courses. Emphasis on contemporary culture with an increased focus on reading and writing. Continuation and refinement of grammatical structures and vocabulary as well as the development of speaking and listening skills in a content-based classroom. Prerequisite: FLF 201 or equivalent.

FLF 301 - Paris (3 hours)
Explores the French capital from its founding to the present, examining its role in French history, culture, and literature. This course is only offered in Paris. Prerequisite: FLF 202 or equivalent

FLF 303 - Composition (3 hours)
Emphasis on developing skills for written expression through writing letters, reports, and essays. Prerequisite: FLF 202, or equivalent.

FLF 304 - Conversation (3 hours)
Emphasis on improving listening comprehension and speaking proficiency through free conversation and oral reports. Prerequisite: FLF 202, or equivalent.

FLF 315 - Introduction to French Literature (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. HL
Principles and methods for studying literature. Selected works of French fiction, drama, and poetry. Prerequisite: FLF 303 or consent of instructor.

FLF 316 - Topics in French Language and Literature (3 hours)
Topics of special interest which may vary each time course is offered. Topic stated in current Schedule of Classes. May be repeated under a different topic for maximum of 9 hrs. credit. Prerequisite: FLF 303 or equivalent.

FLF 320 - French Phonetics (3 hours)
French phonetic elements in isolation as well as in normal speech patterns. Practice in correct pronunciation of individual sounds, words, phrases, and sentences. Individual and class work with tape recordings. Required for all French majors. Prerequisite: FLF 303 or consent of instructor.

FLF 321 - French Culture and Civilization (3 hours)
An introduction to the culture and civilization of France, including the history, geography, politics, literature, arts, and daily life from Prehistory to the end of the Colonial Empire (1960's). Prerequisite: FLF 303 or consent of instructor.

FLF 322 - Contemporary France (3 hours)
Examines social, political, and cultural aspects of modern France, including education, immigration, government, family, and work, as well as France's relationship to Europe and the world. Sources include texts, articles, and newscasts. Prerequisite: FLF 303 or consent of instructor.

FLF 334 - Commercial French (3 hours)
Introduction to language skills for commercial communication with French speaking countries. Emphasis on written and oral activities dealing with banks, sales, freight, insurances, advertisement, export, trade, and unions. Prerequisite: FLF 303 or consent of instructor.

FLF 340 - French Literature I (3 hours)
An historical survey of French literature from the Middle Ages through the eighteenth century, examining the major authors of the period in their cultural and literary context. Prerequisite: FLF 303.

FLF 341 - French Literature II (3 hours)
An historical survey of French literature from the nineteenth century to the present, examining the major authors of the period in their cultural and literary context. Prerequisite: FLF 303.

FLF 430 - Introduction to Translation (3 hours)
Methods and procedures for translating from French to English and from English to French, with particular focus on specific problems of translation and how to deal with them in short practical exercises. The course will include the translation of literary, technical, business, and historical texts. Prerequisite: FLF 303 and FLF 315

FLF 490 - Topics in French Language Or Literature (3 hours)
Topics of special interest which may vary each time course is offered. Topic stated in current Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for a maximum of nine credits. Prerequisite: FLF 303, 315 or consent of instructor.

FLF 492 - Practicum in French (1-3 hours)
Supervised work study in community service activities involving use of the foreign language. Pass/Fail. Prerequisite: consent of department chair.

FLF 495 - Independent Study (1-3 hours)
Independent study and research in a specific field of French language or phase of literary production. May be repeated for maximum of 6 hrs. credit. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing; consent of department chair.

German

FLG 101 - Elementary German 1 (4 hours)
Development of communication skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) in German. Emphasis on the practice of vocabulary and grammatical structures in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Laboratory included. First course in three-course sequence.

FLG 102 - Elementary German 2 (4 hours)
Continued emphasis on the development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing in German. Focus on the practice of vocabulary and grammatical structures in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Laboratory included. Second course in three-course sequence. Prerequisite: FLG 101 or equivalent.

FLG 201 - Intermediate German 1 (4 hours)
Further refinement of listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Oral and written practice closely linked to cultural and literary readings and videos. Laboratory included. Third course in three-course sequence. Prerequisite: FLG 102 or equivalent

FLG 202 - Intermediate German 2 (3 hours)
A transition course between elementary language and advanced content courses. Emphasis on contemporary culture with an increased focus on reading and writing. Continuation and refinement of grammatical structures and vocabulary as well as the development of speaking and listening skills in a content-based classroom. Prerequisite: FLG 201 or equivalent

FLG 303 - Composition (3 hours)
Development of ability to write with ease and accuracy in the German language: creative, business, technical, and expository writing. Translation skills. Thorough grammar review. Prerequisite: FLG 202 or equivalent.

FLG 304 - Conversation (3 hours)
Emphasis on improving listening comprehension and speaking proficiency through free and controlled conversation, oral reports, and small discussion groups. Emphasis on correct idiomatic use of the German language in everyday situations. Prerequisite: FLG 202 or equivalent.

FLG 306 - Composition and Conversation (3 hours)
Expands writing and speaking skills through the exploration of cultural issues in modern Germany. Prerequisite: FLG 202 or equivalent

FLG 315 - Introduction to German Literature (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. HL
Critical analysis of different forms, movements, and themes in fiction, drama, essay, and poetry of German-speaking lands. Prerequisite: FLG 202 or equivalent.

FLG 316 - Topics in German Language and Literature (3 hours)
Topics of special interest which may vary each time course is offered. Topic stated in current Schedule of Classes. May be repeated under a different topic for maximum of 9 hrs. credit. Prerequisite: FLG 202 or equivalent.

FLG 321 - Survey of German Culture and Civilization (3 hours)
Major periods in the culture and civilization of Germany and German-speaking countries from the Medieval Period to the present. Taught in German. Prerequisite: FLG 202 or equivalent.

FLG 334 - Commercial German (3 hours)
Advanced level communicative competence in the four language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing as they pertain to business situations. Emphasis on development of cultural awareness and sensitivity to cultural differences. Prerequisite: FLG 202 or equivalent.

FLG 492 - Practicum in German (1-3 hours)
Supervised work study in community service activities involving use of the foreign language. Pass/Fail. Prerequisite: consent of department chair.

FLG 495 - Independent Study (1-3 hours)
Independent study and research in a specific field of German language or phase of literary production. May be repeated for maximum of 6 hrs. credit. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing; consent of department chair.

Hebrew

FLH 101 - Elementary Hebrew (4 hours)
Emphasis on basic structures and vocabulary of the language. Intensive practice in listening and speaking. Laboratory required.

FLH 102 - Elementary Hebrew (4 hours)
Emphasis on basic structures and vocabulary of the language. Intensive practice in listening and speaking. Laboratory required. Prerequisite: FLH 101 is prerequisite for FLH 102.

FLH 201 - Intermediate Hebrew (3 hours)
Review of basic structures and vocabulary. Emphasis on development of language skills. Readings from modern authors; composition. Laboratory required. Prerequisite: FLH 102. FLH 201 is prerequisite for FLH 202.

FLH 202 - Intermediate Hebrew (3 hours)
Review of basic structures and vocabulary. Emphasis on development of language skills. Readings from modern authors; composition. Laboratory required. Prerequisite: FLH 102. FLH 201 is prerequisite for FLH 202.

Spanish

FLS 101 - Elementary Spanish 1 (4 hours)
Development of communication skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) in Spanish. Emphasis on the practice of vocabulary and grammatical structures in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Laboratory included. First course in three-course sequence.

FLS 102 - Elementary Spanish 2 (4 hours)
Continued emphasis on the development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing in Spanish. Focus on the practice of vocabulary and grammatical structures in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Laboratory included. Second course in three-course sequence. Prerequisite: FLS 101 or equivalent.

FLS 201 - Intermediate Spanish 1 (4 hours)
Further refinement of listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Oral and written practice closely linked to cultural and literary readings and videos. Laboratory included. Third course in three-course sequence. Prerequisite: FLS 102 or equivalent.

FLS 202 - Intermediate Spanish 2 (3 hours)
A transition course between elementary language and advanced content courses. Emphasis on contemporary culture with an increased focus on reading and writing. Continuation and refinement of grammatical structures and vocabulary as well as the development of speaking and listening skills in a content-based classroom. Prerequisite: FLS 201 or equivalent.

FLS 301 - Spanish for Health Care Professionals (3 hours)
Provides students with specialized vocabulary, grammatical structures, and cultural information to enable them to communicate in Spanish in different professional medical contexts at a basic level. Students will have the opportunity to apply the material in interactive classroom activities, as well as in community service experiences. Class activities involving videos, podcasts, and articles in Spanish will help develop the skills of listening comprehension and reading comprehension. No prior knowledge of Spanish is required for this course; however since communicative competence is the primary goal, the class will be taught entirely in Spanish.

FLS 303 - Composition (3 hours)
Emphasis on improving written proficiency. Thorough grammar review, translation exercises, and writing various types of prose. Emphasis on correct, idiomatic use of Spanish in everyday situations. Prerequisite: FLS 202, or equivalent.

FLS 304 - Conversation (3 hours)
Emphasis on improving speaking proficiency and listening comprehension through free conversation and oral presentations. Emphasis on correct, idiomatic use of Spanish in everyday situations. Prerequisite: FLS 202, or equivalent.

FLS 305 - Peru Interim: Andean Cultures (3 hours)
Exposes students to Peruvian culture with a two-week stay in Peru. Focuses on the different cultural aspects of Peruvian art, history, architecture, politics, and economics. An emphasis on Peruvian history and sociopolitical changes of the last 50 years will be an important element in the course so students will understand the world they will be immersed in for two weeks. During their stay in Peru students will visit numerous museums, churches, archaeological and historical sites as well as cultural and artistic centers. Prerequisite: FLS 303 and 304, or consent of instructor.

FLS 306 - Topics in Spanish History and Culture (3-9 hours)
Exposes students to Spanish culture with a two-week stay in Spain. Students primarily study the development of the Spanish transition to democracy after forty years of dictatorship, and different aspects of the contemporary Spanish civilization, and culture. To achieve this goal students will learn about Spanish history, politics, culture, and social changes. The site will change between major cities such as: Madrid, Barcelona, Granada, Seville, Cordoba, Bilbao, San Sebastian, etc. Topics may vary each time the course is offered. Students can retake this course for additional credit as long as the content of the course has changed. Prerequisite: FLS 303 and FLS 304 or consent of instructor

FLS 307 - Costa Rica Interim: A Contemporary Perspective (3 hours)
Provides students with an overview of different aspects of contemporary Costa Rican society within a historical framework. Topics such as geography, pre-Columbian cultures, colonization, independence, immigration, the economy, politics, health care, education, and language and culture will be covered. During the two weeks in Costa Rica, students will visit numerous museums, churches, historical sites, and national parks. Prerequisite: FLS 303 and FLS 304, or permission of instructor

FLS 315 - Introduction to Literature (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. HL
Elements, techniques, and forms of Hispanic fiction, drama, and poetry. Readings in Peninsular and Spanish American literature. Prerequisite: FLS 303, 304, or consent of instructor.

FLS 316 - Topics in Hispanic Language and Literature (3 hours)
Topics of special interest which may vary each time course is offered. Topic stated in current Schedule of Classes. May be repeated under a different topic for maximum of 9 hrs. credit. Prerequisite: FLS 315 or equivalent.

FLS 320 - Spanish Phonetics (3 hours)
Spanish phonetic elements in isolation as well as in normal speech patterns. Practice in correct pronunciation of individual sounds, words, phrases, and sentences. Individual and class work with tape recordings. Prerequisite: FLS 303 or equivalent.

FLS 321 - Peninsular Spanish Civilization and Culture (3 hours)
An integrated survey of civilization and culture of the Iberian Peninsula from prehistoric times to the present. Survey concentrates on Spanish arts and intellectual achievements. Prerequisite: FLS 303 or consent of instructor.

FLS 322 - Latin-American Civilization and Culture (3 hours)
An integrated survey of Latin-American civilization and culture from pre-Columbian times to the present. Survey concentrates on Latin-American arts and intellectual achievements. Prerequisite: FLS 303 or consent of instructor.

FLS 330 - Hispanic Cultural History (3 hours)
Study of a specific period in the history of the Hispanic world that showcased an intense amount of cultural productivity. Topics may vary each time the course is offered, and examples of historical periods might be the Generation of 1898 in Spain, the Dirty War period of Argentina's dictatorship, the Mexican Revolution of 1910, etc. Students will have the opportunity to examine how the social, political, and historical events of a determined era helped create cultural activity that has had an effect on the Hispanic world since. Students can retake this course for additional credit as long as the content of the course has changed. Prerequisite: FLS 315 or consent of instructor.

FLS 334 - Commercial Spanish (3 hours)
Introduction to language skills for commercial communication and Hispanic business practices. Prerequisite: FLS 303, 304; or consent of instructor.

FLS 340 - Spanish Literature I (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. HL
Analysis of human values in representing works of major Iberian writers of Medieval, Renaissance, and Baroque periods. Prerequisite: FLS 315 or consent of instructor. FLS 321 recommended.

FLS 341 - Spanish Literature II (3 hours)
Values-based analysis of representative works of major Iberian authors from Neo-classical, Romantic, and Realist-Naturalist periods. Prerequisite: FLS 315 or consent of instructor; FLS 321, 340 recommended.

FLS 342 - Survey of Hispanic American Literature I (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. NW
Analysis of Hispanic-American literature from its roots in the indigenous pre-Columbian civilizations to Modernism. Prerequisite: FLS 315 or consent of instructor. FLS 322 recommended.

FLS 343 - Survey of Hispanic American Literature II (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. NW
Analysis of non-Western cultures and traditions in representative works by major authors of Hispanic-America from 1910 to present. Prerequisite: FLS 315 or consent of instructor. FLS 322, 342 recommended.

FLS 347 - Images and Texts in the Hispanic World (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. HL
Compares classical images from Hispanic artists with literary texts that treat the same themes and ideas. Challenges students to consider what exactly constitutes text and all ideas associated with the concept: how do visual images transmit a message and what does that message say? How does the printed word stimulate the visual? When possible, students will analyze different images and texts sharing the same title or theme, and compare ideas portrayed in different artistic media. Prerequisite: FLS 315 or consent of instructor.

FLS 360 - Spanish in the United States (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. CD
Provides an introduction to the varieties of Spanish spoken in the United States as well as the Spanish-speaking communities throughout the United States, including the Southwest, Florida, the Northeast, Louisiana, and the Midwest. Additionally, students will focus on the social issues surrounding the use of Spanish in the United States, such as language attitudes and ideologies, language policy, and bilingualism. Prerequisite: FLS 320, FLL 311, ENG 311, or consent of instructor

FLS 370 - Dialectology (3 hours)
Introduces undergraduates to the study of dialectology through both theoretical and applied perspectives. Students examine geographical and language contact features that influence language variation, as well as internal and external historical factors. The students will characterize the phonological, morphosyntactic, pragmatic, and lexical differences among Spanish dialects in both Latin America and Spain. Students will receive hands-on experience in collecting and analyzing naturally-occurring language data in written and oral forms. Active participation in class discussions (in Spanish) is both expected and encouraged. Prerequisite: FLS 320, FLL 311, ENG 311, or consent of instructor

FLS 380 - Hispanic American Short Story (3 hours)
Provides an overview of the Hispanic American short story from its earliest manifestations in the twentieth century to the present day through the reading, discussion, and analysis of literary texts. We will study the development of the short story as a literary genre, examining its specific characteristics and manifestations, its particular themes as well as its cultural and literary contexts. Hispanic American literary production offers a rich body of short stories such as the regionalist short story, fantastic short story, detective short story, and magical realist short story. Prerequisite: FLS 315 or consent of instructor.

FLS 385 - Poetry of Latin America (3 hours)
Presents a survey of Latin American poetry from the twentieth century to the present. Introduces students to the basics of poem analysis for content, themes, and poetic structure. In addition to the study of versification and aesthetics, emphasis will be placed on the socio-historical context in which the works were produced. Prerequisite: FLS 315 or consent of instructor.

FLS 401 - Hispanic Cinema: Texts & Contexts (3 hours)
Uses the techniques of literary and film analysis to focus on the relationship between Hispanic film and literature, as well as other narrative forms such as: personal testimonies, historical documents, documentaries, and media. Students will examine the adaptation of literary texts into films and analyze both works for plot structure. They will also discuss current events portrayed in films and in the media, as well as study themes and cultural and political issues presented in films and narratives. Prerequisite: FLS 315 or consent of instructor

FLS 402 - Introduction to Sociolinguistics (3 hours)
Introduces undergraduates to the study of linguistic variation in the Spanish language. Students will study geographical and social factors in language variation, and phonological and syntactic variation. Examines specific cases of variation and change in present-day Spanish dialects in both Latin America and Spain, as well as language contact between Spanish and other languages. Students will receive hands-on experience in collecting and analyzing naturally-occurring language data. Active participation in class discussions (in Spanish) is both expected and encouraged. Prerequisite: FLS 320, FLL 311, ENG 311 or consent of instructor

FLS 403 - Advanced Conversation & Composition (3 hours)
Advanced course in speaking and writing. Prerequisite: FLS 325 or consent of instructor.

FLS 410 - Life from the Bottom of the World: the Culture of Argentina, Chile and Uruguay (3 hours)
Examines the countries in the Southern Cone of Latin America (Argentina, Chile and Uruguay) from a cultural, literary, and political point of view. Exposes students to the music, literature, film, testimonials, and art from this part of the Americas in order to gain a better understanding of its social realities. In addition to the discussion of contemporary issues, the course will also cover much of the history of these countries in order to provide a context for the included readings. Prerequisite: FLS 315 or consent of instructor.

FLS 425 - Contemporary Hispanic American Novels (3 hours)
Through the study, research, and discussion of a variety of novels the students gain an insight into the most important features of Latin American culture, and circumstances faced by its people. The students read works of recognized writers including Nobel prize winners such as: Gabriel García Márquez and Mario Vargas Llosa. Includes political writings, gender issues, reflections of historical periods, and social commentaries. Prerequisite: FLS 315 or consent of instructor.

FLS 430 - Introduction to Translation (3 hours)
Introduction to Translation

FLS 490 - Topics in Hispanic Language and Literature (3 hours)
Topics of special interest which may vary each time course is offered. Topic stated in current Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for maximum of 9 hrs. credit. Prerequisite: FLS 325 or consent of instructor.

FLS 492 - Practicum in Spanish (1-3 hours)
Supervised work study in community service activities involving use of the foreign language. Pass/Fail. Prerequisite: consent of department chair.

FLS 495 - Independent Study (1-3 hours)
Independent study and research in a specific field or phase of Spanish language or literary production. May be repeated for maximum of 6 hrs. credit. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing; consent of department chair.

This is the official catalog for the 2015-2016 academic year. This catalog serves as a contract between a student and Bradley University. Should changes in a program of study become necessary prior to the next academic year every effort will be made to keep students advised of any such changes via the Dean of the College or Chair of the Department concerned, the Registrar's Office, u.Achieve degree audit system, and the Schedule of Classes. It is the responsibility of each student to be aware of the current program and graduation requirements for particular degree programs.