Coronavirus Information: Bradley plans to resume on-campus classes in fall, summer classes will be online. More Information »

World Languages Courses

WLA 101 - Elementary Arabic I (4 hours)
Introduction to basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Modern Standard Arabic. Acquisition of language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing, with emphasis on fundamentals of pronunciation and writing. Laboratory included.

WLA 102 - Elementary Arabic II (4 hours)
Introduction to basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Modern Standard Arabic. Acquisition of language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing, with emphasis on fundamentals of pronunciation and writing. Laboratory included. Prerequisite: WLA 101

WLA 201 - Intermediate Arabic I (4 hours)
Continuation and review of basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Modern Standard Arabic. Emphasis on further development of the four language skills through oral and written practice and short readings in literature, culture, and civilization. Prerequisite: WLA 102

WLA 202 - Intermediate Arabic II (3 hours)
Continuation and review of basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Modern Standard Arabic. Emphasis on further development of the four language skills through oral and written practice and short readings in literature, culture, and civilization. Prerequisite: WLA 201

WLC 101 - Elementary Chinese (4 hours)
Elementary Chinese. Introduction to basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Mandarin. Acquisition of language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing, with emphasis on fundamentals of pronunciation and writing. Laboratory included.

WLC 102 - Elementary Chinese (4 hours)
Elementary Chinese. Introduction to basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Mandarin. Acquisition of language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing, with emphasis on fundamentals of pronunciation and writing. Laboratory included. Prerequisite: WLC 101

WLC 201 - Intermediate Chinese I (4 hours)
Continuation and review of basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Mandarin. Emphasis on further development of the four language skills through oral and written practice and short readings in literature, culture, and civilization. Prerequisite: WLC 102

WLC 202 - Intermediate Chinese II (3 hours)
Continuation and review of basic grammatical structures and vocabulary of Mandarin. Emphasis on further development of the four language skills through oral and written practice and short readings in literature, culture, and civilization. Prerequisite: WLC 201

WLF 101 - Elementary French 1 (4 hours)
Development of communication skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing) in French. Emphasis on the practice of vocabulary and grammatical structures in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Laboratory included. First course in three-course sequence.

WLF 102 - Elementary French 2 (4 hours)
Continued emphasis on the development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing in French. Focus on the practice of vocabulary and grammatical structures in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Laboratory included. Second course in three-course sequence. Prerequisite: WLF 101 or equivalent is prerequisite for WLF 102.

WLF 201 - Intermediate French 1 (4 hours)
Further refinement of listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Oral and written practice closely linked to cultural and literary readings and videos. Laboratory included. Third course in three-course sequence. Prerequisite: WLF 102 or equivalent; WLF 201 is a prerequisite for WLF 202.

WLF 202 - Intermediate French 2 (3 hours)
Core Curr. GP WC
A transition course between elementary language and advanced content courses. Emphasis on contemporary culture with an increased focus on reading and writing. Continuation and refinement of grammatical structures and vocabulary as well as the development of speaking and listening skills in a content-based classroom. Prerequisite: WLF 201 or equivalent.

WLF 301 - Paris (3 hours)
Core Curr. EL
Explores the French capital from its founding to the present, examining its role in French history, culture, and literature. This course is only offered in Paris. Prerequisite: WLF 202 or equivalent.

WLF 303 - Composition (3 hours)
Emphasis on developing skills for written expression through writing letters, reports, and essays. Prerequisite: WLF 202 or equivalent.

WLF 306 - Composition and Conversation (3 hours)
Expands writing and speaking skills through the exploration of cultural issues in the French-speaking world. Students study topical subjects such as technology, globalization, immigration, and cultural identity while reviewing advanced grammar topics in context. Prerequisite: WLF 202

WLF 308 - Advanced Conversation (3 hours)
Advanced work in oral French, with emphasis on developing vocabulary, idioms, listening comprehension, and general fluency in formal and informal situations. Students will discuss a variety of topics and read contemporary articles pulled from the Francophone press. Prerequisite: WLF 306 or instructor consent

WLF 315 - Introduction to French Literature (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. HL
Core Curr. HU
Principles and methods for studying literature. Selected works of French fiction, drama, and poetry. Prerequisite: WLF 303, WLF 306, or instructor consent

WLF 316 - Topics in French Language and Literature (3 hours)
Topics of special interest which may vary each time course is offered. Topic stated in current Schedule of Classes. May be repeated under a different topic for maximum of 9 hrs. credit. Prerequisite: WLF 303 or WLF 306

WLF 320 - French Phonetics (3 hours)
French phonetic elements in isolation as well as in normal speech patterns. Practice in correct pronunciation of individual sounds, words, phrases, and sentences. Individual and class work with recordings. Prerequisite: WLF 202 or instructor consent; WLF 303 or 306 recommended.

WLF 321 - French Culture and Civilization (3 hours)
An introduction to the culture and civilization of France, including the history, geography, politics, literature, arts, and daily life from Prehistory to the end of the Colonial Empire (1960's). Prerequisite: WLF 303 or WLF 306.

WLF 322 - Contemporary France (3 hours)
Examines social, political, and cultural aspects of modern France, including education, immigration, government, family, and work, as well as France's relationship to Europe and the world. Sources include texts, articles, and newscasts. Prerequisite: WLF 303 or WLF 306.

WLF 334 - Commercial French (3 hours)
Introduction to language skills for commercial communication with French speaking countries. Emphasis on written and oral activities dealing with banks, sales, freight, insurances, advertisement, export, trade, and unions. Prerequisite: WLF 303, WLF 306, or consent of instructor.

WLF 340 - French Literature I (3 hours)
An historical survey of French literature from the Middle Ages through the eighteenth century, examining the major authors of the period in their cultural and literary context. Prerequisite: WLF 303 or WLF 306.

WLF 341 - French Literature II (3 hours)
Core Curr. HU
An historical survey of French literature from the nineteenth century to the present, examining the major authors of the period in their cultural and literary context. Prerequisite: WLF 303 or WLF 306.

WLF 351 - Cinema Francais (3 hours)
Core Curr. FA
Survey of the history of French cinema from the 1930s to the present, highlighting the major films, directors, and artistic movements. In addition to an emphasis on the aesthetic qualities of the films, students will explore how French history and culture are presented in films from various eras. Students will learn the basics of film theory, including the necessary critical vocabulary, so that they may better understand, interpret and analyze film. The course will be taught in English; coursework will be in French. Cross listed with WLT 151. Prerequisite: FLF 303, WLF 303, or WLF 306.

WLF 370 - Francophone Identities (3 hours)
An exploration of the French-speaking world outside of France through film and literature. Areas covered may include Canada, the Caribbean, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Northern Africa. Students examine the relationship between group and individual identity, language and self, including post-colonial theory. Prerequisite: WLF 303 or WLF 306.

WLF 430 - Introduction to Translation (3 hours)
Methods and procedures for translating from French to English and from English to French, with particular focus on specific problems of translation and how to deal with them in short practical exercises. The course will include the translation of literary, technical, business, and historical texts. Prerequisite: WLF 303 or WLF 306 and one other French course at the 300 or 400 level.

WLF 490 - Advanced Topics in French and Francophone Literature and C Culture (3 hours)
Topics of special interest which may vary each time course is offered. Topic stated in current Schedule of Classes. May be repeated for a maximum of nine credits. Prerequisite: WLF 303 or WLF 306 and one other French course at the 300 or 400 level

WLF 492 - Practicum in French (1-3 hours)
Supervised work study in community service activities involving use of the foreign language. Pass/Fail. Prerequisite: consent of department chair.

WLF 495 - Independent Study (1-3 hours)
Independent study and research in a specific field of French language or phase of literary production. May be repeated for maximum of 6 hrs. credit. Prerequisite: junior or senior standing; consent of department chair

WLG 101 - Elementary German 1 (4 hours)
Development of communication skills (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) in German. Emphasis on the practice of vocabulary and grammatical structures in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Laboratory included. First course in three-course sequence.

WLG 102 - Elementary German 2 (4 hours)
Continued emphasis on the development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing in German. Focus on the practice of vocabulary and grammatical structures in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Laboratory included. Second course in three-course sequence. Prerequisite: WLG 101 or equivalent is prerequisite for WLG 102.

WLG 201 - Intermediate German 1 (4 hours)
Further refinement of listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills in meaningful communicative tasks and authentic cultural contexts. Oral and written practice closely linked to cultural and literary readings and videos. Laboratory included. Third course in three-course sequence. Prerequisite: WLG 102 or equivalent;

WLG 202 - Intermediate German 2 (3 hours)
Core Curr. GP WC
A transition course between elementary language and advanced content courses. Emphasis on contemporary culture with an increased focus on reading and writing. Continuation and refinement of grammatical structures and vocabulary as well as the development of speaking and listening skills in a content-based classroom. Prerequisite: WLG 201 or equivalent.

WLG 303 - Composition (3 hours)
Development of ability to write with ease and accuracy in the German language: creative, business, technical, and expository writing. Translation skills. Thorough grammar review. Prerequisite: WLG 202 or equivalent.

WLG 304 - Conversation (3 hours)
Emphasis on improving listening comprehension and speaking proficiency through free and controlled conversation, oral reports, and small discussion groups. Emphasis on correct idiomatic use of the German language in everyday situations. Prerequisite: WLG 202 or equivalent.

WLG 306 - Composition and Conversation (3 hours)
Expands writing and speaking skills through the exploration of cultural issues in modern Germany. Prerequisite: WLG 202 or equivalent.

WLG 315 - Introduction to German Literature (3 hours)
Gen. Ed. HL
Critical analysis of different forms, movements, and themes in fiction, drama, essay, and poetry of German-speaking lands. Prerequisite: WLG 202 or equivalent.

WLG 316 - Topics in German Language and Literature (3 hours)
Topics of special interest which may vary each time course is offered. Topic stated in current Schedule of Classes. May be repeated under a different topic for maximum of 9 hrs. credit. Prerequisite: WLG 202 or equivalent.

WLG 321 - Survey of German Culture and Civilization (3 hours)
Core Curr. GP WC
Major periods in the culture and civilization of Germany and German-speaking countries from the Medieval Period to the present. Taught in German. Prerequisite: WLG 202 (FLG 202) or equivalent.

WLG 334 - Commercial German (3 hours)
Advanced level communicative competence in the four language skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing as they pertain to business situations. Emphasis on development of cultural awareness and sensitivity to cultural differences. Prerequisite: WLG 202 or equivalent.

WLG 352 - Deutsches Kino (3 hours)
Core Curr. FA
Survey of the history of German cinema from the 1920s to the present, highlighting major films, directors, and artistic movements. In addition to the emphasis on aesthetic qualities of the film, students explore how German history and culture are presented in films from various eras. Topics include: transition from silent to sound, expressionism, propaganda and film as a forum for working through Germany's past, the reunification of Germany and its minority cultures. Students also learn the basics of film theory, including the critical vocabulary, so that they may better understand, interpret and analyze film. Films are shown with subtitles. Coursework in German. Course taught in English. Prerequisite: WLG 202 or equivalent.

WLG 492 - Practicum in German (1-3 hours)
Supervised work study in community service activities involving use of the foreign language. Pass/Fail. Prerequisite: Consent of department chair.

WLG 495 - Independent Study (1-3 hours)
Independent study and research in a specific field of German language or phase of literary production. May be repeated for maximum of 6 hrs. credit. Prerequisite: Junior or senior standing; consent of department chair.

WLT 140 - Global Literatures in Translation (3 hours)
Core Curr. GP WC,HU
Study of representation of human values and cultures in literatures emerging from regions such as Africa, Asia, the Caribbean, Europe, the Middle East, and Latin America. Prerequisite:

WLT 151 - French Cinema (3 hours)
Core Curr. FA
Survey of the history of French cinema from the 1930s to the present, highlighting the major films, directors, and artistic movements. In addition to an emphasis on the aesthetic qualities of the films, students will explore how French history and culture are presented in films from various eras. Students will learn the basics of film theory, including the necessary critical vocabulary, so that they may better understand, interpret and analyze film. All films will have subtitles. The course will be taught in English. Cross listed with WLF 351.

WLT 152 - German Cinema (3 hours)
Core Curr. FA,WI
Survey of the history of German cinema from the 1920s to the present, highlighting major films, directors, and artistic movements. In addition to the emphasis on aesthetic qualities of the film, students explore how German history and culture are presented in films from various eras. Topics include: transition from silent to sound, expressionism, propaganda and film as a forum for working through Germany's past, the reunification of Germany and its minority cultures. Students also learn the basics of film theory, including the critical vocabulary, so that they may better understand, interpret and analyze film. Films are shown with subtitles. Course taught in English. Prerequisite: Consent of instructor

This is the official catalog for the 2020-2021 academic year. This catalog serves as a contract between a student and Bradley University. Should changes in a program of study become necessary prior to the next academic year every effort will be made to keep students advised of any such changes via the Dean of the College or Chair of the Department concerned, the Registrar's Office, u.Achieve degree audit system, and the Schedule of Classes. It is the responsibility of each student to be aware of the current program and graduation requirements for particular degree programs.